“Depression” indicates a state of psychological suffering, but it does not indicate a cause for this suffering. It is characterised by a generally low mood, although major depression is an actual pathology which causes a permanent state of sadness, associated with profound pessimism. Major depression and clinical depression can affect the individual’s mental state, thinking and behaviour.
Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical issues: from difficulties in performing normal day-to-day activities to suicidal thoughts.
Depression is a chronic illness that usually requires long-term pharmacological treatment, associated with psychological counselling.